Mark Zuckerberg Biography – Childhood, Life Achievements & Invention

The name Mark Zuckerberg raises a billion likes in your mind very akin to the blue thumbs-up icon. He is one of the world’s youngest business tycoons. The very famous social networking site Facebook is, in fact, his brainchild. He is the CEO and Co-founder of Facebook. Every successful person has a brief past that goes into building their present. Mark has one too. He is one of the brightest philanthropic souls to inhabit the planet. In the following paragraphs, you shall read through the extensive efforts and passion that made Zuckerberg. The journey of his success is divided into three stages of his life.The Invaluable Childhood and Early lifeMark Zuckerberg was born in the year 1984 on May 14 at White Plains in New York. He was born into a family of well-educated individuals near the village of Dobbs Ferry. His father practiced dentistry, and his mother was working as a psychiatrist. He has four siblings after him. At a very early age, Mark developed a keen interest and passion for computers. At a tender age of only 12 years using Atari BASIC, he created a program for messaging and named it “Zucknet.” His family further used the “Zucknet” for communication purposes within the house. Later he also developed games for the computer out of fun. Mark was always a whiz kid and prodigy since birth.


The manoeuvres and accomplishmentsDuring his stay at the Philips Exeter Academy, a school in New Hampshire he created a music software. It was earlier named Pandora which Mark later changed to Synapse. During this time several companies were headhunting him much before he graduated. After graduating from school, he enrolled at the University of Harvard. He had gained the reputation of an invincible software developer by the sophomore year. He invented many programs during this time like the CourseMatch and Facemash.The Matchless InventionThe buzz of his projects made some of his students to get him to work on a site for social networking. The site was initially called the Harvard connection. This site used information from Harvard’s network and was used as a site for dating. The dating website was called the Harvard Elite. Mark dedicated his entire bandwidth to help the project and dropped out for work. He and his friends further created the site for communication purposes, creating profiles and uploading photos. They called it “The Facebook” and ran it from their dormitory until 2004 June. He dropped out of college to devote his entire time to Facebook and moved the company to California. Facebook had 1 million users by 2004.The meteoric riseThe social networking site very popularly known as Facebook has grown by leaps and bounds over the years. Mark also was acknowledged with an honorary doctorate by the University of Harvard for the unparalleled creation of Facebook. Today it is being accessed by all and sundry in search of their lost contacts and friendships. Currently, it has more than a billion users who can post updates on statuses, photos and even message each other. The site has only been adding features since past few years. It continues to remain a cult favorite despite new social platforms. With Facebook in the cynosure, the world has now proved to be round. People continue to connect with their bestie from school and reviving old ties. After all, Facebook is the only place where talking to a wall is acceptable.


Know more: https://omgnews.today/mark-zuckerberg-receives-honorary-harvard-doctorate/

What Is An E-Book? – The Industry and the Future

E-books have evolved in their short history to a point where most online surfers have heard of them and understand the different formats. The key to e-books is that they are electronic versions of books and do not require printed versions, but can be available in hard copy form if the publisher chooses. Many self-published writers are finding e-books to be a simple way to express their ideas without the costs and barriers involved with traditional publishing. Amazon has been a leader in the industry with its Kindle reader while Apple has challenged the platform with its iPad, which downloads e-books from the iBookstore.

The main reason for making an e-book can be summed up by efficiency. An e-book doesn’t get lost like a physical book and doesn’t have the problems of torn pages or a worn cover. From a cost perspective, there is no longer any reason to spend a fortune on cutting down a forest to create thousands of copies of a book without knowing if it will sell. In the old world, books might be out of stock if they did sell, requiring new pressings, whereas in the new world e-books are never out of stock. The emerging model for printing hard copy versions now is based on orders as they come in, such as at Amazon.

Another efficient quality of e-books is they can be updated more easily. Traditional books were printed in a series of pressings, based on demand. But if demand diminished a book might go out of print and become outdated. The original pressing might also have misinformation or typos. E-books, however, allow the writer to always have an updated version ready for online distribution, as errors can be corrected immediately, instead of waiting for the printing process to take months.

Consumers enjoy the advantages of e-books over traditional books thanks to lower pricing. Since it costs less money to make and market an e-book than a printed book, the price drops for consumers. Number of pages can still affect the price, but e-books make it possible to sell more items of the same thing. For example, instead of buying an entire book, some people might just want to purchase one chapter at a reduced price. Other advantages of e-books are they can be converted to different languages and they can be used with text-to-speech software to create audio books for people with disabilities.

Today’s e-books are designed for smaller screens than in the past. Dedicated e-book readers have become an extra electronic device people purchase specifically just for reading e-books and online newspapers. The Amazon Kindle has been one of the most popular e-book readers, along with the Barnes & Noble Nook, Kobo and Sony Readers. Tablet computers such the iPad make useful e-book readers due to their portability and controls that make reading easier. These devices can download and store e-books from online stores such as Amazon, Apple’s iBookstore, Barnes & Noble, Sony Reader Store and the public library-based OverDrive. Mobile devices such as iPhones and Androids can also read e-books.

Although the e-book market does not have industry formatting standards, the most popular format has been the Adobe PDF files. Web developers tried to construct a system known as Open eBook, a zip file based on XHTML and CSS, that breaks e-books down into components. But the International Digital Publishing Forum (IDPF) has moved closer toward the EPUB format as a standard, allowing the file to be converted to other formats. EPUB can embed metadata, resize text and supports Digital Rights Management.

The popularity of e-books has skyrocketed in the second decade of the 21st century. In May 2011 Amazon reported that its sales of e-books had surpassed sales of hard copy books. A Pew Internet Project survey in 2012 showed that 21 percent of American adults had read an e-book within the past year. It was also found that e-book readership favors people under age 50. A large majority of e-book readers read printed books as well. Nearly half of the respondents said they preferred e-books over printed books.

In 2012 Apple launched iBook Author, which is a software program that allows authors to create e-books in the PDF format on an iPad and directly make products available in the iBooks store and for sharing. Amazon has a platform called CreateSpace for authors to create e-books, which must conform to the site’s policies. Lulu also provides the tools for authors to create and market their own self-published e-books.

E-books have proven to be profitable, even for traditional publishers such as Random House. Fifty Shades of Grey by novelist E.L. James was one of the company’s big sellers in 2012. Half of the 30 million copies sold were e-books. The company reported that e-book sales made up 27 percent of the total book sales, which was a 7 percent increase from a year earlier.

Free e-books can be found at Amazon by looking at their Top 100 Free list. Many times a publisher will give away a sample of a book as an e-book that promotes the printed paperback or hard copy for sale. Sometimes e-books are just free to expose a new author. Apple also offers free e-books at the iBooks store. Other websites that offer free e-books are ManyBooks.net, Free-ebooks.net and Open Culture. You can also search for free e-books using the PDFgeni.com search engine.

The future of e-Books may merge more with multimedia and text to speech capabilities. It remains important that e-books are a clickable medium. They can be linked to websites as well as interlinked so that they provide easy navigation to source material. The most advanced e-books link to instant videos that complement the text. E-books are very useful for people involved with other communication besides writing.

Musicians, painters and movie makers can use e-books to showcase and promote their other media. Ultimately, e-books are quick learning tools that provide instant access to deeper content. If the e-book can speed up someone’s search for knowledge to a matter of minutes or even seconds, it has a powerful utility for the reader. Expect e-books of the future to help people cut through technical jargon and learn new systems quickly with visuals and creative ways to index and categorize knowledge.

What Is an ICO and How Does It Work?

ICO has proven to be a revolutionised way for many companies and projects to raise money. ICO can be said as the blend of conventional methods and advanced techniques. The primary thing to consider here is that investors investing in the ICO will be 100% free of risk due to the technology used.

Till now, most of the ICO funds have been collected via Bitcoins (BTC) or Ether (ETH). While performing the ICO, the project produces a Bitcoin or Ethereum address to receive funds and then, shows it on the respective web page. The procedure is same as opening a bank account, and then showcasing it on a particular web page to people so that they may send money.

Initial coin offering (ICO) is basically an illegal way to collect crowdfunding via various cryptocurrencies (fiat currencies in a few cases) and is functioned by cryptocurrency organisations to obtain the capital funds required to execute the project. In an ICO, a particular part of the recently issued cryptocurrency is being sold to investors in exchange for any legalised tender or any other cryptocurrency. It can be said as token sale or crowd sale that involves taking investment amount from investors and providing them with some features associated with the project to be launched.

IPO, i.e. Initial Public offering is a process somehow relatable to ICO in which investors receive shares in the ownership of the company. While in ICO, the investors purchase coins of the company that can increase in value if the business gets amplified.

The first token sale, i.e. an ICO was conducted by Mastercoin in July 2013. Ethereum collected money through an ICO in 2014. ICO has taken an entirely new definition in past years. In May 2017, there were approx. 20 offerings, and also a recent web browser Brave’s ICO generated about $35 million in just 30 seconds. Till the end of August 2017, a total of 89 ICO coin sales worth $1.1 billion had been conducted starting from January 2017.

Investors send Bitcoin, Ethereum or any other cryptocurrency to the given address and then in exchange, they get new tokens that can benefit them greatly if the project gets hit.

ICO is basically conducted for cryptocurrency based projects which rely on decentralised technique. So naturally such projects would compel only those investors who have a keen interest in the concept of cryptocurrency and are friendly with the technology used.
The document that belongs to an investor indeed remains in the form of a webpage, whitepaper or web post. Some of these documents show exact details about the project, whether some other literally fake its features to mislead the interested ones. So before relying on any white paper or e-document, better go through a quality check.